EXERCISE OF PRACTICAL LIFE:
The Practical Life area of the classroom is the foundation of Montessori education. Its purposeful activities are simple familiar routine activities that enable the child to acquire coordination, orderliness, self-confidence, independence, control over his/her small muscle movements and to enable him/her to understand the function of his/her immediate environment.
These precise and graceful exercises help our children to experience the culture of their community, learn grace and courtesy skills. It also helps them to develop independence, Instill a sense of care for themselves & the environment.
The children carry out the activities by using their senses effectively from the experiences they have gained by performing the exercises of practical life. Activities are given to the children without mentioning the purpose or the outcome of carrying out the same, thereby allowing the children to use their senses and intelligence to complete the tasks.
Performing these sensorial activities helps the child to evolve and improve their intelligences by learning to use their senses which in turn has been used to assimilate information from the practical life activities they have carried out. The sensorial activities are to be performed individually and guidance for the same is provided by the teachers.
The development of language begins with speech and progresses into reading & writing. The idea of a language as a means of communication can only be improved upon by interacting in the same. Children are encouraged to interact freely and express themselves in the school environment.
In Montessori method of language learning the words & letters are associated with sounds. It is a processes called as phonetics where the sounds are associated with letters. These letter symbols can be easily identified by children as only sounds do not have any form and the children who are accustomed to sensorial learning can easily associate the sounds with the letters.
These activities are planned in such a way that they cover a broad spectrum of subjects like geography, history, arts, zoology, botany etc. The intention of these activities is to familiarize the children with the subjects without them being consciously aware of the same as the children of this age are very observant and curious.
The activities planned are very simple in nature & by doing these activities the children have fun and it helps to create a foot print for further formal learning at the primary level.